Oleh: antoniusrc | 18 Januari 2013

Konten E-Book Pada Perpustakaan Digital

Dalam mengembangkan perpustakaan digital, tentu konten perpustakaan digital menjadi salah satu yang paling utama.  Salah satu konten yang dapat dimasukkan dalam perpustakaan digital adalah konten berupa buku elektronik atau yang sering dikenal sebagai e-book.  E-book dapat diciptakan sendiri oleh pihak perpustakaan atau dibeli dari vendor luar perpustakaan.

E-book sebagai suatu karya tulis adalah merupakan suatu ciptaan yang dilindungi sebagaimana diatur dalam Pasal 12 UU No. 19 Tahun 2002 tentang Hak Cipta.   Lalu, terkait dengan hak dari penulis (dalam hal ini penulis e-book)  sebagai pencipta disebutkan dalam Pasal 1 angka 4 UUHC bahwa “Pemegang Hak Cipta adalah Pencipta sebagai Pemilik Hak Cipta, atau pihak yang menerima hak tersebut dari Pencipta, atau pihak lain yang menerima lebih lanjut hak dari pihak yang menerima hak tersebut.”  Maka berdasarkan Undang-undang Hak Cipta, seorang penulis e-book adalah pencipta yang memiliki hak cipta dari e-book ciptaannya.

Cara melindungi e-book dari kejahatan pembajakan menurut Taksisman (2009), yaitu membuat jaringan bidang e-book, menghimbau orang lain untuk tidak menyebarkannya secara ilegal, mencantumkan identitas kepemilikan e-book, mendaftarkan hak cipta e-book, membeli barcode, melindungi dengan software, dan mendaftarkan ISBN.

Lalu cara mengisi e-book dari vendor?

Oleh: antoniusrc | 19 Juli 2011

Khasiat Alga Kristal Jepang

Mau memiliki badan sehat dan umur panjang sekaligus penghasilan tambahan “algae kristal ” salah satu jawabannya. Algae kristal sebagai penghasil water kefir ini hidup dan tumbuh di laut hitam daerah kaukasus, algae kristal juga sebagai penghasil O2, besar sekali manfaat yang bisa kita peroleh dari algae kristal ini. Penduduk di Kaukasus mengetahui keampuhan dari algae kristal ini dan sudah meminum air rendaman dari algae kristal dari masa kanak-kanak, maka dari itu di tempat algae kristal ini tumbuh penduduknya dapat berumur panjang, bisa mencapai umur 110 tahun. Di sini adalah satu-satunya tempat di dunia di mana penduduknya bisa mencapai usia lanjut dengan tubuh yang benar-benar sehat ( menurut nara sumber tak dikenal, di Toscana / Italia juga ada satu daerah yang penduduknya dikenal hidup sehat sampai uzur ).

Manfaat / Khasiat /Kegunaan dari algae kristal ini adalah :
Algae kristal ini sudah diteliti oleh Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia ( LIPI ) klik disini! dan Prof. Merile. Menurut peneliti Prof. Merile , yang sepanjang hidupnya meriset tentang algae kristal penghasil water kefir ini, bahwa di daerah yang disebut di atas tidak dikenal penyakit seperti TBC, Kanker, sakit maag dll. Di Jerman Dr. Dressen sudah menangani Kristal Algae jenis ini sejak Perang Dunia I. Algae Kristal ini dapat menyembuhkan asma, masalah-masalah pernafasan, penyakit liver, gangguan empedu, penyakit kantung kemih, meningkatkan gairah sex dan sebagian besar penyakit-penyakit parah.
Khasiat lain dari algae kristal ini:
Penyakit syaraf, benjolan-benjolan di dalam tubuh, bronchitis, saemtlichen sideroblasten (keime, bahasa jerman), serangan jantung, empedu, liver, infeksi ginjal, sakit kuning, penyakit usus, buang air besar, susah BAB, kurang darah, penyakit luar & eksim. Yang terpenting algae kristal menghilangkan kebusukan-kebusukan dalam usus, bisa menyembuhkannya dan itu membuat orang bisa sehat dan panjang umur. Jika perawatan penyembuhan sudah selesai, algae kristal ini tetap dipelihara seperti ditulis di bawah. Jika sudah tidak mau diminum, airnya dibuang saja atau digunakan untuk mencuci muka.

Kandungan apa saja yang ada di dalam algae kristal?
Water kefir hasil dari rendaman algae kristal ini merupakan simbiosis kompleks antara bakteri dan ragi (yeast) dari Lactobacilli (Lb. Galactose, Lb. brevis, Lb. casei subsp. Casei, Lb. paracasei subsp. Paracasei, Lb. casei subsp. Ramos, Lb. casei subsp. tolerant, Lb. coraciiform subsp. torque ns, Lb. fructose, Lb. hilarities, Lb. homophobia, Lb. planta-rum, Lb. pseudo plantarum, Lb. admonishes) dan Streptococci/lactococci (Streptococcus cremeris, Str. Faecalis, Str. Lactis, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Pediococcus damnosus) serta Yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, S. florentinus, S. pretoriensis, Candida valida, Candida lambica, Kloeckera apiculata, Hansenula yalbensis).

Cara Penggunaan Algae Kristal ini
1. Syaraf : 1 liter/hari
2. Abcess dalam maag : 1 liter/hari ( abcess dalam maag hilang dalam 2 minggu )
3. Ashma dan bronchitis : 1 liter/hari ( untuk ashma butuh waktu agak lama )
4. Kurang darah/masalah sel-sel darah :1 liter/hari ( 2 liter untuk yang sudah parah )
5. Masalah kulit / eksim : 1 liter/hari ( oleskan langsung algae-nya lalu keringkan, muka dan tangan dicuci dengan air. Dalam waktu 1-2 minggu eksim sembuh. Juga untuk yang sudah parah.
6. Jika diminum tiap hari sebanyak 1 liter maka dapat menormalkan tekanan darah tinggi.
7. Kemungkinan dipergunakan juga untuk penyakit syaraf, benjolan-benjolan di dalam tubuh, bronchitis, samtlichen sideroblasten ( kelme ), serangan jantung, empedu, lever, infeksi ginjal, sakit kuning, penyakit usus, buang-buang air, susah BAB, kurang darah, penyakit luar dan eksim.
8. Air kefir yang sudah difermentasi selama 24 jam dapat menekan pertumbuhan sel kanker karena adanya bakteri Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lb kefiri, Lb kefirgranum, Lb parakefir, Lb delbrueckii supbsp. bulgaricus, Lb fructivorans, Lb kefiranofaciens, dan Lactococci.
Bakteri-bakteri tersebut bersama dengan khamir (ragi) bekerjasama secara simbiosis. Bakteri asam laktat tersebut menghasilkan asam laktat yang merangsang pertumbuhan khamir. Sementara khamir menghasilakan factor pendukung pertumbuhan bakteri asam laktat. Polisakarida larut air yang disebut kefiran dihasilkan bakteri asam laktat. Kefiran inilah yang berperan dalam meningkatkan pembentukan system imun dalam tubuh.

Cara memelihara Algae Kristal ini :
1. Taruhlah sekitar 3 sendok teh algae kristal dalam wadah ( semisal teko / moci ) plastik dan masukan ke dalam lemari es jangan letakan di bagian yang beku. Beri 1 Liter air minum, 2 sendok teh gula pasir dan 7 buah kismis kering yang telah dicuci dan tidak mengandung belerang/sulfur, diamkan semalam.
2. Keesokan harinya tuang air rendaman algae kristal itu kedalam botol plastik / gelas. Saring dengan saringan plastik agar algae kristal-nya terjaring, cuci dengan air minum dan masukkan lagi kedalam wadahnya yang sudah dicuci bersih.
3. Beri lagi 2 sendok teh gula pasir dengan 7 kismis yang kemarin. Tambahkan 1 Liter air minum yang baru, lalu simpan lagi . . . begitu seterusnya. Saran : ketika mengganti air, masukkan juga beberapa tetes air yang sudah siap untuk diminum.
4. Air yang sudah dituang dalam botol/gelas siap diminum sebagai obat.
5. Gantilah kismis kering seminggu sekali.
6. Tanpa pemberian gula pasir dan kismis serta pemakaian wadah dari metal dapat membuat algae kristal-nya mati.

Yang Perlu Diperhatikan :
1. Ketika mengganti air baru, masukkan juga beberapa tetes air yang sudah siap untuk diminum
2. Kismis keringnya diganti 1 minggu sekali
3. Tanpa gula pasir dan kismis serta pemakaian wadah metal dapat membuat algae kristal-nya mati
4. Bagi penderita Maag usahakan diminum setelah makan, karena rasanya agak asam
5. Algae Kristal bukan segala-galanya, Algae Kristal hanya salah satu bentuk usaha Kita dalam membantu menyembuhkan penyakit. Untuk itu Yakinlah dan Berdoalah sebelum minum Algae kristal ini, mintalah kepada Tuhan untuk menyembuhkan penyakit yang Kita derita melalui usaha kita ini. Semoga semua penyakit akan sembuh atas ijin Tuhan YME, Amin.

Bagaimana rasa water kefir (air rendaman Algae Kristal) ini?
algae Kristal (biji kefir) mempunyai dua wujud, yang pertama berwarna putih keruh dan yang kedua berwarna bening, Water Kefir (hasil fermentasi algae kristal di air/ berwarna bening) mempunyai rasa masam dan sedikit beralkohol (seperti tuak, atau air buah siwalan atau legen). Sedangakn Milk Kefir (hasil fermentasi kristal algae di susu) berasa seperti yogurt. Jika didiamkan semalam, rasanya seperti air kelapa muda (degan).
Jika didiamkan > 24 jam, rasanya seperti air buah siwalan atau legen ataupun toak ( Tidak Disarankan ).
water kefir / Air algae kristal jepang mengandung konsentrasi alkohol antara 0,5% sampai 3% tergantung lamanya proses fermentasi. Untuk menghindari kandungan alkohol yang tinggi disarankan untuk mengurangi masa fermentasinya, yaitu kurang dari 24 jam dan toples sebaiknya tutupnya dilonggarkan agar gas hasil fermentasinya bisa keluar sehingga bisa mengurangi kandungan alkoholnya. Juga disarankan untuk tidak menggoyang-goyang/mengocok toples karena bisa meningkatkan kandungan alkohol. Air algae kristal tidak disarankan bagi wanita hamil.

Pengalaman & Kesan – Kesan :
Algae Kristal bisa juga didiamkan diluar lemari es dengan terlebih dahulu toplesnya dibungkus dengan kresek hitam supaya tidak terlalu panas, usahakan agar di malam sampai pagi hari algae kristal diletakan di luar rumah agar algae kristal dapat tetap tumbuh dan berkembang

Oleh: antoniusrc | 21 Mei 2011

Buku Algoritma Pemrograman dengan Bahasa C

Akhirnya setelah menunggu hampir 1/2 tahun lamanya, bukuku terbit! Buku pertamaku dengan judul “Algoritma Pemrograman dengan Bahasa C”, Teori, konsep, dan implementasi ini berisi tentang bagaimana mengenal dan mempelajari konsep bahasa pemrograman dan bagaimana memprogram dengan menggunakan bahasa C.

Buku ini tersusun dalam 12 bab dan bisa dijadikan acuan pengajaran di perguruan tinggi, lembaga kursus, maupun TIK di tingkat sekolah lanjutan.

Berikut adalah cover buku saya:

Cover depan

Algoritma Pemrograman dengan Bahasa C

Cover belakang

Cover Belakang Algoritma

Oleh: antoniusrc | 29 Maret 2011

Perbandingan IE9 vs Firefox 4

Ternyata ada website yang membuat perbandingan antara keduanya di http://people.mozilla.com/~prouget/ie9/ie9_vs_fx4.html

silahkan melihat dan membandingkan, apa benar?

Oleh: antoniusrc | 3 Maret 2011

Mencoba menulis lagi

Wah sudah lama sekali ya saya tidak menulis blog…. saya akan berusaha mencobanya lagi…. semoga bisa! nantikan tulisan tulisan dari saya!

Oleh: antoniusrc | 4 Januari 2011

Opera Mini 5.1 Beta

Akhirnya setelah sekian lama menikmati opera mini dengan versi java, sekarang Opera telah mengeluarkan versi SIS (Symbian native) sehingga ponsel-ponsel yang berbasis symbian lebih merasakan kecepatan dan keunggulan opera mini ini.  Sungguh luar biasa!

Untuk mendapatkannya anda perlu menuju ke http://www.opera.com/mobile kemudian pilihlah tipe ponsel anda dan download ke PC anda! install di HP anda! selamat mencoba!

Oleh: antoniusrc | 25 November 2010

OST Harry Potter 7 Part 1

Tracks:
01. Obliviate
02. Snape To Malfoy Manor
03. Polyjuice Potion
04. Sky Battle
05. At The Burrow
06. Harry And Ginny
07. The Will
08. Death Eaters
09. Dobby
10. Ministry Of Magic
11. Detonators
12. The Locket
13. Fireplaces Escape
14. Ron Leaves
15. The Exodus
16. Godric’s Hollow Graveyard
17. Bathilda Bagshot
18. Hermione’s Parents
19. Destroying The Locket
20. Ron’s Speech
21. Lovegood
22. The Deathly Hallows
23. Captured And Tortured
24. Rescuing Hermione
25. Farewell To Dobby
26. The Elder Wand

http://www.fileserve.com/file/c2ynBbJ

Oleh: antoniusrc | 13 November 2010

Google Reader

Banyak orang menyukai blog orang lain dan bahkan sering/rutin berkunjung ke blog tersebut demi mendapatkan berita/tulisan terbarunya.  Namun biasanya orang-orang akan membookmark/menghafalkan alamat webnya.  Padahal hal tersebut jelas menyulitkan.

Sebenarnya semua blog tersebut hampir sebagian besar sudah memiliki RSS (Really Simple Syndication) dimana pengguna dapat berlangganan blog tersebut dari aplikasi lain berbasis desktop ataupun web.

Aplikasi berbasis web adalah Google Reader.  Google Reader (http://reader.google.com) merupakan aplikasi yang dapat digunakan untuk berlangganan blog-blog orang lain secara kontinu sehingga dengan mudah kita tinggal membuka google reader saja tanpa harus berkunjung ke blog-blog tersebut satu persatu, dan kita bisa melihat “headline” judul-judulnya dengan cepat dan efisien!

cobalah!

Oleh: antoniusrc | 10 November 2010

Konferensi Press Obama dan SBY di Indonesia

diambil dari http://obama-mamas.com/blog/?p=2102

Q Good evening, Mr. President. I speak in Indonesian because Mr. President has been in Jakarta. Lately, Mr. President, the region of Asia Pacific is developing and the development is extraordinary. There’s initiative, cooperation, and there is always promotion to a strategic partnership. What do you think is the role of the U.S. in the configuration of Asia Pacific in the future? Thank you very much, Mr. President.

PRESIDENT OBAMA: Well, this is something that President Yudhoyono and I spent a lot of time discussing. Asia is the fastest-growing part of the world. It’s the fastest growing in terms of population. It’s the fastest growing set of economies. And so there’s enormous potential and enormous promise – but only if countries are cooperating, if they are observing basic rules of the road, if potential conflicts are resolved in a peaceful fashion.

And so it’s very important I think to make sure that we have the kinds of multilateral institutions and architecture that can maximize the potential and minimize the challenges of a rapidly changing region.�

I think Indonesia is going to be a critical partner in that, a critical leader in that, primarily because it is a country that has figured out how to create a genuine democracy despite great diversity, and so I think can promote the kinds of values that will help people all across this region maximize their potential.

What I’d like to see is that even as we continue to work through APEC on economic issues – it’s primarily an economic organization – that the East Asia Summit becomes a premier organizational structure to work on political and security issues. And I think under President Yudhoyono’s leadership next year, there’s enormous potential for us to start looking at some specific areas of common interest.

One example that I mentioned in our bilateral meeting was the issue of the South China Sea and how various maritime issues, conflicts, can get resolved in a peaceful fashion. I think that’s something that everybody has an interest in, everybody has a concern in. But there may be a whole host of other issues like that in which the East Asia Summit is probably the ideal venue.

Regardless of whether we’re talking about APEC or East Asia Summit, or for that matter the G20, Indonesia is going to have a seat at the table. And its leadership is going to be absolutely critical and the United States wants to make sure that we’re coordinating closely on all these issues of critical concern.

Carol Lee of Politico. Where is Carol? There you go.

Q Thank you, Mr. President. How would you assess your outreach to the Muslim world at this point in your presidency, particularly in light of some of the controversies back home? And if you could, give us some of your thoughts on what it’s like to return here as President of the United States.

PRESIDENT OBAMA: Well –

Q And may I, President Yudhoyono? Obviously President Obama spent some time here as a child and I wonder what your thoughts are and what special insights that gives him into the region. Thanks very much.

PRESIDENT OBAMA: Well, I’ll take the second question first. I think it’s wonderful to be here – although I have to tell you that when you visit a place that you spent time in as a child, as President it’s a little disorienting. First of all, as I said before, the landscape has changed completely. When I first came here it was in 1967 and people were on becaks – which for those of you who aren’t familiar, is sort of a bicycle rickshaw thing. And if they weren’t on becaks, they were on bemos, which were – (laughter) – they were sort of like little taxis but you stood in the back and it was very crowded.

And now as President, I can’t even see any traffic because they block off all the streets – (laughter) – although my understanding is that Jakarta traffic is pretty tough. But I feel great affection for the people here. And obviously I have a sister who’s half Indonesian. My mother lived and worked here for a long time. And so the sights and the sounds and the memories all feel very familiar. And it’s wonderful to be able to come back as President and hopefully contribute to further understanding between the United States and Indonesia.

One of the things that’s striking is because it’s almost on the exact opposite side of the world, I think not enough Americans know about this great country. And hopefully my visit here will help to promote additional interest and understanding. People have heard of Bali and they’ve heard of Java, but they don’t always know how to locate it on a map back home. And I think that increasing awareness of Indonesia is something I’m very much looking forward to doing.

Obviously this is a short visit. It’s a shorter visit than I would like. My hope is, is that we’re going to be able to come back and maybe bring the kids and visit some places outside of Jakarta. When you go to – inland, further into Java, there are just incredible places like Yogya, old ancient temples, and places that I have very fond memories of visiting when I was a kid. I’d love to do that.

With respect to outreach to the Muslim world, I think that our efforts have been earnest, sustained. We don’t expect that we are going to completely eliminate some of the misunderstandings and mistrust that have developed over a long period of time. But we do think that we’re on the right path.

So whether it’s our more active communications to press in Muslim countries, or exchange programs in which we’re having U.S. scientists and other educators visit Muslim countries, or that entrepreneurship summit that we had in Washington in which we invited young business leaders from Muslim countries all across – all around the world – what we’re trying to do is to make sure that we are building bridges and expanding our interactions with Muslim countries so that they’re not solely focused on security issues.

Because you come to a place like Indonesia, which is the largest Muslim population in the world, but people here have a lot of other interests, other than security – that security is important, but I want to make sure that we are interacting with a wide range of people on a wide range of issues. And I think by broadening the relationship, it strengthens it, it builds trust, creates more people-to-people contact. That will be good for our security but it will also be good for the larger cause of understanding between the United States and the Muslim world.

So I think it’s an incomplete project. We’ve got a lot more work to do. And it’s not going to eliminate some – or replace some tough dialogue around concrete policy issues. Those are going to continue. There are going to be some policy differences that we can’t avoid. But I do think it’s helping.

PRESIDENT YUDHOYONO: Could you repeat your questions to me?

Q Thank you. I wanted to ask you – obviously, President Obama spent some time here as a child. And I wonder what your thoughts are, and how that gives him special insight into the region. Thank you.

PRESIDENT YUDHOYONO: I a few times having met with President Barack Obama, up to now one thing that I felt during our meetings, the understanding of the situation in developing countries, an understanding on the issues faced by a country like Indonesia that is often very complex. That makes it possible for President Barack Obama to see in a more clear situation what are the true challenges faced by the developing world. And therefore, the cooperation that we build between Indonesia and the United States, for example, is more precise. He understands more the challenges, the situation and obstacles that is faced by countries like Indonesia.

That’s what I really felt when I met with him. And now I, too, can feel more easy to convey to him the issues that we are faced, the challenges faced by Indonesia, and therefore the agenda that we discuss together, including Comprehensive Partnership that we have discussed will be more precise and accurate for the benefit not only for Indonesia, but also for the people of the United States.

Q Good evening, President Obama, and President Yudhoyono. My question is one, and it is to President Obama, regarding to the global economic crisis that still has impacts on the economy of the world today. The President of the United States, you have created a lot of unemployment in this region, East Asia. Do you think this affects the economic cooperation between Indonesia and the United States?

And in the context of the G20, how do you see the effectiveness of the G20 to improving or the recovery efforts in the global economy? Because we still see many challenges faced by countries, especially in the area of currency.

PRESIDENT OBAMA: Well, I think that overall the G20 has been very successful in stabilizing the world economy. When you think about where we were when I first entered office and attended my first G20 meeting in April of 2009, at that point, there was great uncertainty as to whether the financial system was going to be melting down around the world.

The economies of a lot of countries, including the United States, were contracting at a severe pace. I think our economy contracted in that first question by 6 percent. World trade had drastically contracted. And in part because of the effective coordination between the G20 countries – making sure that countries weren’t resorting to protectionism, coordinating a package of recovery programs that increased world demand, effectively intervening in the banking system and stabilizing it – because of all those actions, what we’ve seen is that countries for the most part around the world are back on a growth pattern.

Now, you’re absolutely right that we still have a lot of work to do. And I’m going to be joining President Yudhoyono in Seoul, South Korea, to discuss the next steps that have to be taken.

One of the key steps is putting in place additional tools to encourage balanced and sustainable growth. One of the reasons that the crisis was so severe was there were huge imbalances when it comes to surpluses and deficits; our trading patterns were such where there was a lot of money floating around engaged in a lot of speculative activity.

And what we agreed to in previous meetings of the G20 is, is that we need to establish a framework for more balanced growth. We have not yet achieved that balanced growth. You’re seeing some countries run up very big surpluses and intervening significantly in the currency markets to maintain their advantage when it comes to their currency. We’ve got other countries that are in deficit. Both surplus and deficit countries would benefit if there was a more balanced program in which the surplus countries were focused on internal demand, there was a more market-based approach to the currencies, and the deficit countries thereby were able to export more – and that would also make it easier for them to deal with their unemployment issues.

So this is going to be something that we’re going to be discussing extensively in Seoul. I’m confident we can make progress on it. It’s not going to happen all at once. But I’m very much focused on creating a win-win situation in which everybody is invested in expanding world trade, everybody is invested in increased prosperity, but we’re doing so in a way in which everybody is benefitting and not just some.

Last question on our side is Stephen Collinson of AFP.

Q Thank you, Mr. President. As the President mentioned, events in the Middle East are watched very closely here. Does Israel’s advanced planning for more than a thousand new homes in Jerusalem undermine trust between the parties and undermine your peace efforts?

And if I may just ask President Yudhoyono, is ASEAN ready for the more advanced role in world affairs the U.S. would like to see it play, and should the U.S. engagement – renewed engagement be seen in any way as a counterbalance to a rising China?

PRESIDENT OBAMA: I have not – I’ve been out of town, so I’m just seeing the press reports. I have not had a full briefing on Israel’s intentions and what they’ve communicated to our administration. But this kind of activity is never helpful when it comes to peace negotiations. And I’m concerned that we’re not seeing each side made the extra effort involved to get a breakthrough that could finally create a framework for a secure Israel living side and side – side by side in peace with a sovereign Palestine.

We’re going to keep on working on it, though, because it is in the world’s interest, it is in the interest of the people of Israel, and it is in the interest of the Palestinian people to achieve that settlement, to achieve that agreement. But each of these incremental steps can end up breaking down trust between the parties.

Even though it wasn’t directed to me, I do want to just chime in briefly on the issue of China. We want China to succeed and prosper. It’s good for the United States if China continues on the path of development that it’s on.

That means that, first of all, just from a humanitarian point of view, lifting millions of people out of poverty is a good thing. It is also a huge expanding market where America then can sell goods and services and so we think China being prosperous and secure is a positive. And we’re not interested in containing that process. We want China to continue to achieve its development goals.

We do want to make sure that everybody is operating within an international framework and sets of rules in which countries recognize their responsibilities to each other. That’s true for the United States. That’s true for China. That’s true for Indonesia. It’s true for all of us. And the more that we have international mechanisms in which people say we have rights, we also have responsibilities, we’re going to abide by them, we’re going to hold each other accountable, the better off we’ll all be.

PRESIDENT YUDHOYONO: Yes, the views that I have of the future of our region, the region of Asia, including East Asia and Southeast Asia, all wish to have a region that is experiencing development, including economic development. This region should continue to be a region that is stable, a region that is peaceful and a region that is safe.

In this regard, the community that is built upon an Asia, an East Asia also, and also a framework now through the East Asia Summit framework, we have the responsibility to – in one area, to ensure that the cooperation in the region, especially in the area of economic cooperation, can contribute significantly to the development of the global economy that will bring benefit for all humanity.

On the other spot of the coin, we also have the responsibility to ensure stability and security in our region. I am not using any theory or the theory of one power to counterbalance the other powers. But I do have the view that there must be some form of dynamic equilibrium in Asia Pacific, in East and Southeast Asia. And the formation of such regional cooperation such that is East Asia Summit, where there are 10 countries from ASEAN and there is also China, Republic of Korea, Japan, India, Australia, New Zealand, and now Russia and the United States, therefore, I have faith that it will be more effective to ensure peace, stability and order in this region.

And in this regard, with such a condition, such cooperation in the area of economic will go effectively and it is Indonesia’s hope that China and the U.S. relations will continue to flow well because if something happens between those two states, it will have severe impacts to not only countries in the region, in Asia, but also to the world.

For that reason, I hope that the economic relations between the U.S. and China will continue to proceed well, despite the geopolitical developments. We also hope to contribute to creating a region in East Asia, in Southeast Asia, and especially in Asia Pacific, to become a region that is stable and productive.

That is my views in general on the regional architecture issues and the future cooperation in our region.

Thank you very much.

MODERATOR: Ladies and gentlemen, that concludes the joint press conference. Thank you very much.

Oleh: antoniusrc | 10 November 2010

Pidato Barack Obama di Universitas Indonesia (English)

Diambil dari: http://obama-mamas.com/blog/?p=2104

Thank you for this wonderful welcome. Thank you to the people of Jakarta. And thank you to the people of Indonesia.I am so glad that I made it to Indonesia, and that Michelle was able to join me. We had a couple of false starts this year, but I was determined to visit a country that has meant so much to me. Unfortunately, it’s a fairly quick visit, but I look forward to coming back a year from now, when Indonesia hosts the East Asia Summit.

Before I go any further, I want to say that our thoughts and prayers are with all of those Indonesians affected by the recent tsunami and volcanic eruptions – particularly those who have lost loved ones, and those who have been displaced. As always, the United States stands with Indonesia in responding to this natural disaster, and we are pleased to be able to help as needed. As neighbors help neighbors and families take in the displaced, I know that the strength and resilience of the Indonesian people will pull you through once more.

Let me begin with a simple statement: Indonesia is a part of me. I first came to this country when my mother married an Indonesian man named Lolo Soetoro. As a young boy, I was coming to a different world. But the people of Indonesia quickly made me feel at home.

Jakarta looked very different in those days. The city was filled with buildings that were no more than a few stories tall. The Hotel Indonesia was one of the few high rises, and there was just one brand new shopping center called Sarinah. Betchaks outnumbered automobiles in those days, and the highway quickly gave way to unpaved roads and kampongs.

We moved to Menteng Dalam, where we lived in a small house with a mango tree out front. I learned to love Indonesia while flying kites, running along paddy fields, catching dragonflies, and buying satay and baso from the street vendors. Most of all, I remember the people – the old men and women who welcomed us with smiles; the children who made a foreigner feel like a neighbor; and the teachers who helped me learn about the wider world.

Because Indonesia is made up of thousands of islands, hundreds of languages, and people from scores of regions and ethnic groups, my times here helped me appreciate the common humanity of all people. And while my stepfather, like most Indonesians, was raised a Muslim, he firmly believed that all religions were worthy of respect. In this way, he reflected the spirit of religious tolerance that is enshrined in Indonesia’s Constitution, and that remains one of this country’s defining and inspiring characteristics.

I stayed here for four years – a time that helped shape my childhood; a time that saw the birth of my wonderful sister, Maya; and a time that made such an impression on my mother that she kept returning to Indonesia over the next twenty years to live, work and travel – pursuing her passion of promoting opportunity in Indonesia’s villages, particularly for women and girls. For her entire life, my mother held this place and its people close to her heart.

So much has changed in the four decades since I boarded a plane to move back to Hawaii. If you asked me – or any of my schoolmates who knew me back then – I don’t think any of us could have anticipated that I would one day come back to Jakarta as President of the United States. And few could have anticipated the remarkable story of Indonesia over these last four decades.

The Jakarta that I once knew has grown to a teeming city of nearly ten million, with skyscrapers that dwarf the Hotel Indonesia, and thriving centers of culture and commerce. While my Indonesian friends and I used to run in fields with water buffalo and goats, a new generation of Indonesians is among the most wired in the world – connected through cell phones and social networks. And while Indonesia as a young nation focused inward, a growing Indonesia now plays a key role in the Asia Pacific and the global economy.

This change extends to politics. When my step-father was a boy, he watched his own father and older brother leave home to fight and die in the struggle for Indonesian independence. I’m happy to be here on Heroes Day to honor the memory of so many Indonesians who have sacrificed on behalf of this great country.

When I moved to Jakarta, it was 1967, a time that followed great suffering and conflict in parts of this country. Even though my step-father had served in the Army, the violence and killing during that time of political upheaval was largely unknown to me because it was unspoken by my Indonesian family and friends. In my household, like so many others across Indonesia, it was an invisible presence. Indonesians had their independence, but fear was not far away.

In the years since then, Indonesia has charted its own course through an extraordinary democratic transformation – from the rule of an iron fist to the rule of the people. In recent years, the world has watched with hope and admiration, as Indonesians embraced the peaceful transfer of power and the direct election of leaders. And just as your democracy is symbolized by your elected President and legislature, your democracy is sustained and fortified by its checks and balances: a dynamic civil society; political parties and unions; a vibrant media and engaged citizens who have ensured that – in Indonesia – there will be no turning back.

But even as this land of my youth has changed in so many ways, those things that I learned to love about Indonesia – that spirit of tolerance that is written into your Constitution; symbolized in your mosques and churches and temples; and embodied in your people – still lives on. Bhinneka Tunggal Ika – unity in diversity. This is the foundation of Indonesia’s example to the world, and this is why Indonesia will play such an important role in the 21st century.

So today, I return to Indonesia as a friend, but also as a President who seeks a deep and enduring partnership between our two countries. Because as vast and diverse countries; as neighbors on either side of the Pacific; and above all as democracies – the United States and Indonesia are bound together by shared interests and shared values.

Yesterday, President Yudhoyono and I announced a new, Comprehensive Partnership between the United States and Indonesia. We are increasing ties between our governments in many different areas, and – just as importantly – we are increasing ties among our people. This is a partnership of equals, grounded in mutual interests and mutual respect.

With the rest of my time today, I’d like to talk about why the story I just told – the story of Indonesia since the days when I lived here – is so important to the United States, and to the world. I will focus on three areas that are closely related, and fundamental to human progress – development, democracy, and religion.

First, the friendship between the United States and Indonesia can advance our mutual interest in development.

When I moved to Indonesia, it would have been hard to imagine a future in which the prosperity of families in Chicago and Jakarta would be connected. But our economies are now global, and Indonesians have experienced both the promise and perils of globalization: from the shock of the Asian financial crisis in the 1990s to the millions lifted out of poverty. What that means – and what we learned in the recent economic crisis – is that we have a stake in each other’s success.

America has a stake in an Indonesia that is growing, with prosperity that is broadly shared among the Indonesian people – because a rising middle class here means new markets for our goods, just as America is a market for yours. And so we are investing more in Indonesia, our exports have grown by nearly 50 percent, and we are opening doors for Americans and Indonesians to do business with one another.

America has a stake in an Indonesia that plays its rightful role in shaping the global economy. Gone are the days when seven or eight countries could come together to determine the direction of global markets. That is why the G-20 is now the center of international economic cooperation, so that emerging economies like Indonesia have a greater voice and bear greater responsibility. And through its leadership of the G-20’s anti-corruption group, Indonesia should lead on the world stage and by example in embracing transparency and accountability.

America has a stake in an Indonesia that pursues sustainable development, because the way we grow will determine the quality of our lives and the health of our planet. That is why we are developing clean energy technologies that can power industry and preserve Indonesia’s precious natural resources – and America welcomes your country’s strong leadership in the global effort to combat climate change.

Above all, America has a stake in the success of the Indonesian people. Underneath the headlines of the day, we must build bridges between our peoples, because our future security and prosperity is shared. That is exactly what we are doing – by increased collaboration among our scientists and researchers, and by working together to foster entrepreneurship. And I am especially pleased that we have committed to double the number of American and Indonesian students studying in our respective countries – we want more Indonesian students in our schools, and more American students to come study in this country, so that we can forge new ties that last well into this young century.

These are the issues that really matter in our daily lives. Development, after all, is not simply about growth rates and numbers on a balance sheet. It’s about whether a child can learn the skills they need to make it in a changing world. It’s about whether a good idea is allowed to grow into a business, and not be suffocated by corruption. It’s about whether those forces that have transformed the Jakarta that I once knew -technology and trade and the flow of people and goods – translate into a better life for human beings, a life marked by dignity and opportunity.

This kind of development is inseparable from the role of democracy.

Today, we sometimes hear that democracy stands in the way of economic progress. This is not a new argument. Particularly in times of change and economic uncertainty, some will say that it is easier to take a shortcut to development by trading away the rights of human beings for the power of the state. But that is not what I saw on my trip to India, and that is not what I see in Indonesia. Your achievements demonstrate that democracy and development reinforce one another.

Like any democracy, you have known setbacks along the way. America is no different. Our own Constitution spoke of the effort to forge a “more perfect union,” and that is a journey we have travelled ever since, enduring Civil War and struggles to extend rights to all of our citizens. But it is precisely this effort that has allowed us to become stronger and more prosperous, while also becoming a more just and free society.

Like other countries that emerged from colonial rule in the last century, Indonesia struggled and sacrificed for the right to determine your destiny. That is what Heroes Day is all about – an Indonesia that belongs to Indonesians. But you also ultimately decided that freedom cannot mean replacing the strong hand of a colonizer with a strongman of your own.

Of course, democracy is messy. Not everyone likes the results of every election. You go through ups and downs. But the journey is worthwhile, and it goes beyond casting a ballot. It takes strong institutions to check the concentration of power. It takes open markets that allow individuals to thrive. It takes a free press and an independent justice system to root out abuse and excess, and to insist upon accountability. It takes open society and active citizens to reject inequality and injustice.

These are the forces that will propel Indonesia forward. And it will require a refusal to tolerate the corruption that stands in the way of opportunity; a commitment to transparency that gives every Indonesian a stake in their government; and a belief that the freedom that Indonesians have fought for is what holds this great nation together.

That is the message of the Indonesians who have advanced this democratic story – from those who fought in the Battle of Surabaya 55 years ago today; to the students who marched peacefully for democracy in the 1990s, to leaders who have embraced the peaceful transition of power in this young century. Because ultimately, it will be the rights of citizens that will stitch together this remarkable Nusantara that stretches from Sabang to Merauke – an insistence that every child born in this country should be treated equally, whether they come from Java or Aceh; Bali or Papua.

That effort extends to the example that Indonesia sets abroad. Indonesia took the initiative to establish the Bali Democracy Forum, an open forum for countries to share their experiences and best practices in fostering democracy. Indonesia has also been at the forefront of pushing for more attention to human rights within ASEAN. The nations of Southeast Asia must have the right to determine their own destiny, and the United States will strongly support that right. But the people of Southeast Asia must have the right to determine their own destiny as well. That is why we condemned elections in Burma that were neither free nor fair. That is why we are supporting your vibrant civil society in working with counterparts across this region. Because there is no reason why respect for human rights should stop at the border of any country.

Hand in hand, that is what development and democracy are about – the notion that certain values are universal. Prosperity without freedom is just another form of poverty. Because there are aspirations that human beings share – the liberty of knowing that your leader is accountable to you, and that you won’t be locked up for disagreeing with them; the opportunity to get an education and to work with dignity; the freedom to practice your faith without fear or restriction.

Religion is the final topic that I want to address today, and – like democracy and development – it is fundamental to the Indonesian story.

Like the other Asian nations that I am visiting on this trip, Indonesia is steeped in spirituality – a place where people worship God in many different ways. Along with this rich diversity, it is also home to the world’s largest Muslim population – a truth that I came to know as a boy when I heard the call to prayer across Jakarta.

Just as individuals are not defined solely by their faith, Indonesia is defined by more than its Muslim population. But we also know that relations between the United States and Muslim communities have frayed over many years. As President, I have made it a priority to begin to repair these relations. As a part of that effort, I went to Cairo last June, and called for a new beginning between the United States and Muslims around the world – one that creates a path for us to move beyond our differences.

I said then, and I will repeat now, that no single speech can eradicate years of mistrust. But I believed then, and I believe today, that we have a choice. We can choose to be defined by our differences, and give in to a future of suspicion and mistrust. Or we can choose to do the hard work of forging common ground, and commit ourselves to the steady pursuit of progress. And I can promise you – no matter what setbacks may come, the United States is committed to human progress. That is who we are. That is what we have done. That is what we will do.

We know well the issues that have caused tensions for many years – issues that I addressed in Cairo. In the 17 months that have passed we have made some progress, but much more work remains to be done.

Innocent civilians in America, Indonesia, and across the world are still targeted by violent extremists. I have made it clear that America is not, and never will be, at war with Islam. Instead, all of us must defeat al Qaeda and its affiliates, who have no claim to be leaders of any religion – certainly not a great, world religion like Islam. But those who want to build must not cede ground to terrorists who seek to destroy. This is not a task for America alone. Indeed, here in Indonesia, you have made progress in rooting out terrorists and combating violent extremism.

In Afghanistan, we continue to work with a coalition of nations to build the capacity of the Afghan government to secure its future. Our shared interest is in building peace in a war-torn land – a peace that provides no safe-haven for violent extremists, and that provides hope for the Afghan people.

Meanwhile, we have made progress on one of our core commitments – our effort to end the war in Iraq. 100,000 American troops have left Iraq. Iraqis have taken full responsibility for their security. And we will continue to support Iraq as it forms an inclusive government and we bring all of our troops home.

In the Middle East, we have faced false starts and setbacks, but we have been persistent in our pursuit of peace. Israelis and Palestinians restarted direct talks, but enormous obstacles remain. There should be no illusions that peace and security will come easy. But let there be no doubt: we will spare no effort in working for the outcome that is just, and that is in the interest of all the parties involved: two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security.

The stakes are high in resolving these issues, and the others I have spoken about today. For our world has grown smaller and while those forces that connect us have unleashed opportunity, they also empower those who seek to derail progress. One bomb in a marketplace can obliterate the bustle of daily commerce. One whispered rumor can obscure the truth, and set off violence between communities that once lived in peace. In an age of rapid change and colliding cultures, what we share as human beings can be lost.

But I believe that the history of both America and Indonesia gives us hope. It’s a story written into our national mottos. E pluribus unum – out of many, one. Bhinneka Tunggal Ika – unity in diversity. We are two nations, which have travelled different paths. Yet our nations show that hundreds of millions who hold different beliefs can be united in freedom under one flag. And we are now building on that shared humanity – through the young people who will study in each other’s schools; through the entrepreneurs forging ties that can lead to prosperity; and through our embrace of fundamental democratic values and human aspirations..

Earlier today, I visited the Istiqlal mosque – a place of worship that was still under construction when I lived in Jakarta. I admired its soaring minaret, imposing dome, and welcoming space. But its name and history also speak to what makes Indonesia great. Istiqlal means independence, and its construction was in part a testament to the nation’s struggle for freedom. Moreover, this house of worship for many thousands of Muslims was designed by a Christian architect.

Such is Indonesia’s spirit. Such is the message of Indonesia’s inclusive philosophy, Pancasila. Across an archipelago that contains some of God’s most beautiful creations, islands rising above an ocean named for peace, people choose to worship God as they please. Islam flourishes, but so do other faiths. Development is strengthened by an emerging democracy. Ancient traditions endure, even as a rising power is on the move.

That is not to say that Indonesia is without imperfections. No country is. But here can be found the ability to bridge divides of race and region and religion – that ability to see yourself in all individuals. As a child of a different race coming from a distant country, I found this spirit in the greeting that I received upon moving here: Selamat Datang. As a Christian visiting a mosque on this visit, I found it in the words of a leader who was asked about my visit and said, “Muslims are also allowed in churches. We are all God’s followers.”

That spark of the divine lies within each of us. We cannot give in to doubt or cynicism or despair. The stories of Indonesia and America tell us that history is on the side of human progress; that unity is more powerful than division; and that the people of this world can live together in peace. May our two nations work together, with faith and determination, to share these truths with all mankind.

Older Posts »

Kategori

Ikuti

Kirimkan setiap pos baru ke Kotak Masuk Anda.